Riddles in Hinduism!



Mr. Mayne in his writings on Hindu law has pointed out some anomalous features of the norms of kinships. 

According to him "No part of Hindu Law is more anomalous than that which regulate the family ties in which several admitted forms of marriage are only euphemisms for seduction and rape, and in which mainly twelve types of sons are recognized the majority of whom have no blood relationship to their own father."
The Hindu Law recognizes eight different forms of marriage.
1) Paisacha
2)Gandharva
3)Brahma
4)Daiva
5) Arsha
6)Asura 
7) Prajapatya
8) Rakshasa 


Paisacha marriage is marriage by rape on a girl either when she is asleep or flushed with strong liquor or disordered in her intellect.

Gandharva marriage is a marriage by consent contracted from nonreligious and sensual motives. Marriage by seizure of a maiden by force from her house while she weeps and calls for assistance after her kinsmen and friends have been slain in battle or wounded and their houses were broken open, is the marriage styled Rakshasa.

Brahama marriage is a marriage in which daughter was gifted to the learned men in Veda whom father invited to conduct ceremonies.

Daiva marriage is a marriage in which daughter gifted to family priest attending ceremony by her father as a payment of priest.

Arsha marriage is characterized by the fact that the bridegroom has to pay a price for the bride to the father of the bride. There is not much difference between Arusha and Asura forms of marriage. Both involve the sale of the bride. The difference lies in that in the Arsha form the price is fixed while in the Asura form is not.

 Prajapatya form of marriage is marked by the application of a man for a girl to be his wife and the granting of the application by the Father of girl.


Hindu Law recogHnized thirteen kinds of sons. (1) Aurasa, (2) Kshetraja,
(3) Pautrikaputra, (4) Kanina, (5) Gudhaja, (6) Punarbhava, (7) Sahodhaja,
(8) Dattaka, (9) Kritrima, (10) Kritaka, (11) Apaviddha, (12) Svayamdatta
and (13) Nishada

The most controversial was Putrikaputrameans a son to a daughter. Its significance lies in the system under which a man who had a daughter but no son could also have his daughter cohabit with a man selected or appointed by him. If a daughter gave birth to a son by such sexual intercourse the son became the son of the girl’s father Man’s right to compel his daughter to submit to sexual intercourse with a man of his choice in order to get a son for
himself continued to exist even after the daughter was married. That is why a man was warned not to marry a girl who had no brothers


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